top of page

Is Vaping a Safe Alternative to Smoking?

With vaping gaining traction amongst Gen-Z as an alternative to traditional cigarettes, it is important to explore this form of smoking and its safety.

Photo: Pinterest Collage

The short answer?

No, not really.

The robust answer requires a comparison of both methods, so let’s begin with traditional cigarettes:

When cigarettes first came on to the scene:

This form of smoking was first introduced to the United States in the 19th century and by the Civil War, cigarette use had grown in popularity.This led to a large cigarette manufacturing industry and the cigarette’s ascension to America’s major tobacco product. For a considerable time, cigarettes were seen as non-threatening, with any opposition stemming from moral and hygienic concerns as opposed to safety and health. In fact, at one point, cigarette companies were employing pseudo-scientific “research” to assure the public of cigarette’s safety and were plastering doctors all over their advertising to further sell the notion that cigarettes were “safe” or “doctor recommended”.

Photo: Stanford (SRITA)

Eventually, scientific studies with merit surfaced. They linked smoking to lung cancer and other diseases, and discovered that smoking not only affects the smoker, but also affects those around them via second hand smoke. These discoveries led to prohibition of smoking in several places, such as government facilities, commercial U.S. flights, the White House, and so forth. The Army and Navy even ceased cigarette rations for troops. In 1992, the EPA classed ETS (secondhand smoke) as a Group A carcinogen, which is the most dangerous class. Then around 1994-1998, a total of 46 states filed suit against the tobacco industry aiming to recover costs from tobacco related illnesses. In 1998, the suit was settled with $206 billion to be paid through 2025. In 1999, as part of the Master Settlement Agreement, tobacco companies agreed to removal of advertising across the country with remaining time on billboard leases turned over to states for anti-tobacco messages. In 2000, the Supreme Court determined that the FDA lacks the power to regulate tobacco products. Thus rendering the FDA’s proposal to limit access and appeal of tobacco products null and void.

So what exactly is vaping?:

The main components of a vape pen include the mouthpiece (the site where you inhale the vapors), the cartridge/tank (where one can refill and replace the drug), and the atomizer (generates the heat which converts the drug into a vapor).

Photo: Credencefilling

Much like their counterpart (cigarettes), vape pens contain nicotine, while also containing their own host of chemicals and flavorings.The “e-cigarette” was introduced to the U.S. in 2006, by Chinese pharmacist and researcher Hon Lik. According to Google Trends data for the search terms “vaping” and “electronic cigarettes”, it appears that interest in vaping and similar forms of tobacco use have heightened in recent years (with notable peaks in 2019).

Photo: Google Trends

Photo: Google Trends

A contributing factor to their rise in popularity can be chalked up to similar tactics to those of cigarette campaigning. In the earlier stages of advertising, companies like JUUL pedaled upbeat and patently youth-oriented advertising and events to market their product.

Photo: Stanford (SRITA)

Much like the doctors used in advertising to assure cigarette’s “goodness” and harmlessness, this upbeat campaigning evokes feelings of lightheartedness, happiness, and most dangerously, youth and “cool” in relation to e-cigarettes and vaping. What’s more is that JUUL held launch parties and events to further drive this happy-go-lucky image.